Toenail fungus is an infectious disease. This pathology occurs in children and adults and goes through two stages in the process of formation. As a rule, people apply when they have a forgotten form, which complicates the treatment process. There are several types of fungus, each with different types of additional symptoms: the main manifestations of the disease, regardless of its form, are the same. When the first signs of the fungus appear, you need to contact a dermatologist. In order to prevent the development of the disease, it is necessary to check regularly and adhere to personal hygiene measures.
Toenail fungus: description of the disease
Toenail fungus(onychomycosisIs an infectious disease caused by many types of mycotic organisms.Fungi affect about 20% of the world's population.
Onychomycosis accounts for 15-40% of nail diseases and occurs in 3% of the adult population, usually men and children, acquired through wearing tight shoes. Women rarely experience this disease, because they take more careful care of their feet.
Fungi appear on the basis of the following factors:
- regular contact with chemicals;
- wear tight shoes;
- increased sweating;
- flat feet;
- failure to follow the rules of personal hygiene;
- malfunction of immunity;
- taking antibiotics and other drugs;
- endocrine diseases, gastrointestinal diseases and HIV infection;
- Blood sugar disease;
- sports activities (running, swimming, tennis and gymnastics);
- Living and working in major industrial cities (miners, v. v. ).
Infection occurs during cosmetic procedures at beauty salons that do not comply with sanitary standards. If a person uses common household items, goes to public places in the form of saunas, baths and pools, then this also contributes to the appearance of fungus. You should be careful when touching wooden objects, as the wood has a porous structure and it is almost impossible to remove infection. The nail fungus looks like this:
Main manifestations and types
Symptoms of fungus depend on the type of pathogen and the extent of damage to the nail plate. The patient's age affects the rate of recovery. In children, nails are affected much less often than in adults. Manifestations depend on the type of pathology:
|Types of mushrooms||Signal|
|Normotrophic||There are color variations of nails with equal thickness and gloss. First, yellow or white spots and stripes appear on the side surface of the nail plate. If left untreated, they begin to grow and nails gradually change color. In a patient, you may notice onychomycosis - plaque is not able to grow to the nail spoon|
|Big boom||The color of the nail turns to dark yellow or gray, thick patches of 2 mm or more. This is due to an intense scaling under the fingernail. Patient complains of lustrous skin. The nail begins to break and deform. In the patient, they have a shape similar to the claw of birds (onychogryphosis), causing pain when walking. Parts lenders themselves for the biggest destruction|
|Atrophic||Nails become gray, losing luster. As the disease progresses, the plaque collapses. Usually, the nail layer can show and then scaly skin can be seen on the surface of the nail. Atrophy occurs slowly starting at the outer end in the direction of the growth zone and nail folds|
|Side and far||These two types happen together and quite often. You may notice a change in nail color to green or black and yellow grooves. It slowly starts to crumble, becomes rough, and the edges are uneven. As the pathology progresses, the plaque begins to deform. Occasionally swelling and redness of the rollers may appear. If the patient has a bacterial infection, when pressed, pus will come out.|
|Near the||The skin folds are affected. This form of the disease occurs when the epidermis is removed. The nail begins to turn white in the area where it grows|
|Total||The nail begins to crack, break, and fall|
|white||White spots appear like powders|
With toenail fungus, there are some similar symptoms:
- itchy skin around the nail;
- crumpled and discolored;
- pain in the affected area.
The disease progresses slowly, going through several stages of development:
- Initial (initial) stage.
In the early stages, the skin of the feet is affected. Itching, cracks and blisters appear between the toes. In the future, the fungus will penetrate deeply into the nail and affect it. The disease can only be detected under laboratory conditions after curettage.
In a severe stage, there is a total lesion of the nail plate. If you do not initiate fungal treatment at this stage, not only your nails but also skin can be destroyed. The main symptoms of a severe stage are:
- crumpled nails;
In the treatment of fungus, the drug is used for topical use.This can be either a varnish or anti-stick solution. The patch can be used to exfoliate the affected nail.
If a patient has damaged a nail, this amount is sufficient. If two or more nails are damaged, it is necessary to conduct a complex, full body treatment. The varnish must be applied continuously and the treatment period up to 12 months.
Children with hypersensitivity to one of the components of the drug should not use antifungal varnishes, during pregnancy and lactation. Before using, you need to remove the damaged nail, degrease its surface with an aqueous solution of water and alcohol, and then varnish. To make the nail look more aesthetically pleasing, you can coat the nail with aesthetic gloss paint.
Before using any antifungal agent, you need to soak your feet in water mixed with soda and liquid soap. They then need to be wiped off with a towel and applied ointment to the affected patch, and a layer of adhesive plaster is applied on top to fix it.
Doctors prescribe the drug in the form of tablets at the severe stage of the pathology.
This type of physical therapy can improve the nutrition of the disc and increase blood circulation. As a result, the composition applied will better penetrate the nail plate. To ensure the effectiveness of the treatment, you need to pass tests on the 14 and 30 days after your treatment.