Modern people are often sedentary, affected by polluted air, and use dozens of harmful food additives that are harmful to health. As a result, his immune system weakens and is more susceptible to infection than he always waits for. More than 20% of the world's population has a fungal, or fungal infection. The leg is especially affected. Medicine has successfully dealt with the treatment of such an illness, but due to some cases, many people want to be treated on their own accord. Consider how and how to treat foot fungus at home.
Types of fungal infections on the feet
The appearance of fungus on the legs is an infection of the epidermis (outer layer of the skin) of the interstitial area of the legs and nail plates, with the possibility of spreading microscopic fungi along the body. Failure can be caused by:
But in general, this disease is called a dermatosis.
The visible signs of a fungus depend on which strain is causing it. Types of mycoses:
- Onychomycosis - with this disease, the nail sheets are affected, and it progresses in different ways. In the first case, the toenail discolored, broken, and thickened. When atrophy, the nail plate is completely destroyed, and the skin underneath hardens.
- With scaly fungal, the skin turns red and itchy begins, flaking occurs, the condition turns into painful itching.
- The fungal form is characterized by the formation of water bubbles up to 5 mm in diameter, gradually joining together to form ulcers.
- Interstitial fungal disease is the most common fungus, appearing as cracks in the skin between the toes, usually close to the little finger. It is characterized by severe itching.
What causes fungal infections of the feet?
- Many healthy people try to stay in shape. They visit fitness clubs, beaches, swimming pools and saunas, where magical creatures multiply rapidly in warm environments. It is in these public places that fungal infections often occur.
- When families share shoes, towels, bath mats and showers, as well as sanitary products. A person carrying the fungus can infect the whole family.
- Weakened immunity contributes to the spread of foot fungus in the elderly. Statistics say that men are more likely to get a yeast infection.
- The indiscriminate use of drugs (glucocorticosteroids, immunosuppressants, antibacterial agents, cytostatic drugs) is also a cause of the risk of developing fasciitis in the foot.
- Fungal foot infections can be caused by an occupational factor. The infection is more likely to affect miners, those involved in the metallurgical industry, the military, as well as staff serving bathrooms, saunas, and sports complexes.
- The human lifestyle and the presence of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus, vascular and somatic diseases, endocrine disorders (especially excessive sweating), osteoarthritis, overweight.
- Small cuts and cracks in the skin, corns and calluses in the foot, vitiligo.
- The ecological situation is not favorable.
Fungus on the feet usually develops during a number of periods:
- The incubation period depends on the state of the human immune system. The more active you are, the later the fungal foot signs will appear.
- The post-incubation period is characterized by red skin, itchy appearance and small nodules. Swollen legs are sometimes observed. At this stage, the development of the infection can be prevented by simple, folk remedies.
- In stage 3, the disease turns to a more dangerous form: the skin peels off, forms large lesions, the skin begins to flake gradually. The cracks are deeper, bringing tangible pain. Deformed foundation sheets. Starting at this stage, treatment will be complex and lengthy.
- The chronic form of mycosis often recurs and can last for several years. If the fungus begins to such an extent, you should immediately consult a doctor to avoid irreversible consequences of the disease.
How to cure foot fungus at home
Only after making a qualified diagnosis (scraping, strain study, microscope) can a specialist prescribe effective means of combating foot fungus. In addition to medicinal treatment to fight fungi, folk remedies can also be used.
There are many ways to get rid of foot fungus at home. Their advantages are affordable prices and minimal contraindications. But even harmless folk remedies should be used in combination with essential medicines in consultation with a doctor.
The most effective antifungal agents
There are several dosage forms for fungi in the form of tablets, suppositories, creams, ointments and suspensions, sprays and lotions with fungicidal properties that prevent the growth of bacteria. These funds can quickly remove the fungus from the affected skin area if the disease is in an early stage.
Most often, in the complex treatment of fungal foot diseases, the following means are used:
- tablets for fungus on the legs;
- Antifungal ointment, which is applied 2 times a day on painful nodules.
In addition to drug therapy, there is an advanced fungal treatment - a hardware method that quickly eliminates the symptoms of fungal fungal acne, but does not guarantee that there will be no recurrence.
In addition to the main therapy is to use folk remedies to treat foot fungus. There are many methods to deal with such problems at home: baths, compresses, and anti-fungal masks based on natural substances.
Among them, the most effective for treating mycoses are:
- Purple medicine solution. Foot baths with warm water should be used before going to bed, then wrapped in gauze in such a solution and left overnight.
- Bath with sea salt content at the rate of 1. 5 tbsp. l. per liter of water.
- Copper sulfate. With it, you can deal with fungus in the legs as follows: fry 1 teaspoon. of this substance in a pan until white, then mix with the same amount of yellow sulfur and goose fat. Mix the ingredients well and apply a thin layer of the resulting ointment to the feet in warm form. Wash off after 40 minutes.
- Applying vinegar to get rid of the fungus is the fastest way to get rid of the problem. Among its types (apple, wine), the most effective is a simple 9% vinegar, diluted with water at a ratio of 1-8, used as a steam bath 4-5 times a day for 2-3 days.
- It will help with fungus on feet and soda. It is applied to the affected areas of the feet and kept for 20 minutes, then rinsed. You can also mix baking soda and salt and apply it to your feet in the same way.
- Applying a peroxide solution to your feet will help cure the fungus. To do this, first steam your feet in a tub of warm water. Then, prepare a solution of 1 liter of water with 1 teaspoon of MSG. soda and 2 tablespoons. l. peroxide, soak gauze and wrap your feet with it. Soak for one hour, then rinse.
- Onion recipes will help cope with the problem. Grate 2 large onions in a coarse blender, squeeze the juice from the onions, and place it on the feet. Wait until it is absorbed, put on the socks and leave overnight, until the next morning wash your feet. Likewise, it works on mushrooms and garlic juice.
- Effective use of the mushroom. Its juice (5 drops) is mixed with half a teaspoon of calendula alcohol and 5 drops of oregano juice, as well as a teaspoon of water. The resulting mixture is used to treat the affected areas of the legs without rinsing.
Rules of care and hygiene
Using home remedies and foot soak remedies along with prescription medications, you can get better pretty quickly. In addition, special care should be taken on the feet to maintain the condition of the skin during this period and also to promote the recovery process.
Before treating the affected areas of the infected feet and nails, put disposable gloves on your hands.
Shoes should be treated with a special treatment (vinegar and mustard powder are also suitable). If possible, replace it with products made from natural materials. After each wear, shoes should be left outside to the balcony to allow ventilation. If it gets wet, make sure to dry it completely, and change the insoles more often.
During a fungal illness, you should not go to swimming pools, saunas, beaches, and use shoes, slippers, or towels belonging to others so as not to infect other family members. After recovery, you should remove old socks and replace the insoles in your shoes, and treat them with vinegar. This also applies to rubber mats in the bathroom. This is done to kill fungal spores that could recur or infect someone else's feet.
Prevent recurrence and re-infection
To prevent recurrent and permanent fungal infections, special attention should be paid to foot hygiene. To do this, you need to remember a few simple rules:
- Just wear your own shoes and clothes;
- choose shoes made from natural materials;
- do not allow feet to be steamed in shoes;
- washing feet regularly, preferably in the morning, before bed and after going to the street;
- shoe monitoring: drying from the inside, periodically treated with a special deodorant;
- maintain immunity.
Legs require constant care and attention. Any discomfort in the legs and external changes in their area should be a reason to see a specialist.